Official language of Poland and the European Union, Polish is spoken by 40 million people in the world. It is one of the languages in Aryan linguistic family, under the Slavic languages group. Polish is very similar with other Slavic languages, Czech and Slovakian. Poland remained under the control of Austria, Germany and Russia for centuries and it was affected from the languages of these races. It is the 2nd most spoken Slavic language, following Russian.
Polish is written with the Polish alphabet which consists of letters from Latin alphabet with similar sounds. Polish alphabet consists of 32 letters; with 9 of them vowel and 23 consonants; and there are 9 letters which do not exist in the Latin alphabet. These letters are: ą, ć, ę, ł, ń, ó, ś, ź, ż. The letter "x" in Polish alphabet may sometimes be written as "ks". For instance "taksowka" and "taxowka" both mean taxi. Polish is the 30th mostly spoken language in the world with 40 million active speakers.
Some of the countries where Polish is mostly spoken are:
- Bosnia Herzegovina
- Czech Republic
Slavic languages have a history of 5 thousand years and Polish appeared in 10th century. In that period, Polish made a good progress after Tsar Mieszko the first brought the Polish people together and declared the Great Poland.
Polish is a hard language to learn for non-Slavic people in terms of learning and actively using. Its sounds are the most pushing aspects on foreigners. Many consonants are used together in Polish and each consonant is read in different forms.